What percentage hydroquinone is best?
The results of this study show that 4% Hydroquinone and 0.75% Kojic Acid + vitamin c 2.5% are effective topical hypopigmenting agents in the treatment of facial melasma. However, 4% Hydroquinone is a better topical hypopigmenting agent with rapid rate of clinical improvement when compared to 0.75% Kojic Acid cream.
How hydroquinone works on skin?
Hydroquinone is used to lighten the dark patches of skin (also called hyperpigmentation, melasma, “liver spots,” “age spots,” freckles) caused by pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone medicine, or injury to the skin. This medicine works by blocking the process in the skin that leads to discoloration.
Can I buy hydroquinone over the counter uk?
Skin-lightening creams you can buy without a prescription Creams that contain hydroquinone, corticosteroids or mercury, which have not been prescribed by a doctor, are banned in the UK because they can cause serious side effects if used incorrectly.
Is hydroquinone a steroid?
Fluocinolone is a corticosteroid (steroid medicine), hydroquinone is a bleaching agent, and tretinoin is a retinoid (related to vitamin A). This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription.
How long does it take for 4% hydroquinone to work?
When using hydroquinone, patients should not expect to see drastic results right away. It can take approximately 4-6 weeks of daily (or even twice daily) hydroquinone application before dark spots will begin to fade. After 8-12 weeks, optimal results should appear and overall skin tone will become more even.
Can you buy 4% hydroquinone over the counter?
Is hydroquinone topical available over the counter? Hydroquinone topical used to be available over the counter (OTC). But as a result of the 2020 CARES Act, it’s only available by prescription from your provider.
How do you use 4 percent hydroquinone?
Apply this medication to the affected areas of skin, usually twice daily or as directed by your doctor. This medication is for use on the skin only. If it is used incorrectly, unwanted skin lightening may occur. Avoid getting this product in your eyes or on the inside of your nose or mouth.
How do you apply hydroquinone 4 on face?
Apply hydroquinone in a thin layer to affected areas of the face. Do not apply it to other areas of the face; otherwise, it will bleach that skin. Avoid peroxide products. Avoid using hydroquinone with peroxide products such as benzoyl peroxide or hydrogen peroxide, which can cause discoloration.
Does hydroquinone lighten skin permanently?
Does hydroquinone lighten skin permanently? No, the results of any skin lightening that hydroquinone brings about are not permanent. The effects can be seen within a couple of months or a few years at the maximum.
What is the highest strength of hydroquinone?
Additionally, the highest strength that is commercially available with a prescription is a hydroquinone 4% cream. A cream with 6, 8, or 10 percent hydroquinone can only be obtained from a compounding pharmacy with a prescription.
What is similar to hydroquinone?
Mequinol is the main alternative prescription alternative to hydroquinone. It’s also known as methoxyphenol, hydroquinone monomethyl ether, and p-hydroxyanisole.
Do you need a script for hydroquinone cream?
Formulations for melasma usually contain 2-6% hydroquinone. In some countries, it is possible to buy over-the-counter products at 2% concentration or less. However, in other areas, a prescription is required to purchase hydroquinone-containing products, regardless of concentration.
How effective is hydroquinone 4 cream?
A study testing a hydroquinone monotherapy indicated an 85% satisfaction rate after a 12-week period, with 90% of participants reporting that they no longer made significant efforts to hide skin discoloration (Grimes).
Which is better tretinoin or hydroquinone?
Conclusions: Hydroquinone is superior to tretinoin as a priming agent in maintaining the results achieved with peels and in decreasing the incidence of postpeel reactive hyperpigmentation.
Can I use hydroquinone everyday?
Hydroquinone, a tyrosinase inhibitor, in a 4% cream can be used safely twice daily for up to 6 months to treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The efficacy of this treatment can be enhanced by using a retinoid nightly and a mid-potent steroid, which is applied twice daily for 2 weeks, then at weekends only.
Can hydroquinone make dark spots worse?
Hydroquinone may be helpful in epidermal-type melasma. Concentrations vary from 2% to 10% and hydroquinone may be used twice daily for 12 weeks. Hydroquinone may cause local skin irritation, however, and thereby leading to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, making the skin pigmentation worse.
Does hyperpigmentation come back after hydroquinone?
After the break, your physician can decide if another 5 month course of hydroquinone is appropriate for you. Hydroquinone is an inflammatory agent that can become allergenic after 5 months of use. Hydroquinone-induced inflammation can cause rebound hyperpigmentation and reduced tolerance to hydroquinone itself.
Can I use Vitamin C with hydroquinone?
That’s why Vitamin C works best when combined with other potent skin lightening agents, like Hydroquinone. Hydroquinone with Vitamin C is especially effective because the vitamin also provides some protection against sun damage, which is a major contributor to skin discolorations.